Hongjie Dai

American nationality, materials chemist. Born in Hunan, China in May 1966. Received a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1994. He is currently a Chair Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009, the National Academy of Sciences in 2016, and the National Academy of Medicine in 2019. Dai Hongjie is one of the leading figures in the field of international nanotechnology. He has published more than 300 SCI papers in this field, including 20 in “Science” and “Nature”, and 33 in sub-journals of “Nature”. The total number of SCI citations of the paper is about 120,000 times, and the H-index is 120. In the 2011 Thomson Reuters Top 100 Chemists in the World list, he ranked seventh in the world and first among Chinese. He is one of the 24 highly cited scientists in the three fields of physics, chemistry and materials by Thomson Reuters in 2018. Dai Hongjie’s scientific research achievements include (1) pioneering and developing the controllable preparation methods of carbon nanotubes synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and graphene nanobelts obtained by solution phase shearing, which strongly promoted the research and application of carbon nanomaterials’ physical properties explore. (2) Develop new optoelectronic devices based on nano-carbon materials, develop a process method for realizing ohmic contact between nanotubes and metals, and pioneer a method for uniform nucleation and growth of high-dielectric materials on the surface of nanotubes, and build high-performance field-effect transistors. (3) To develop the application of nanomaterials in the field of biomedicine, realize the directional transport of drugs, proteins, antibodies and photothermal therapy of tumors, improve the resolution and penetration depth of medical imaging, and observe single blood vessels and their blood vessels in real time. blood flow. (4) Develop a variety of composite systems of carbon nanomaterials and inorganic materials to improve the performance of electrocatalysis, aqueous batteries, aluminum ion batteries, etc. As a result, he won the professional awards of the four major scientific and technological associations in the United States (Chemistry, Physics, Materials Association and National Institutes of Health). Dai Hongjie actively promotes domestic basic research, personnel training and academic exchanges. He was awarded the first batch of National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Category B) and served as a chair professor of “Cheung Kong Scholars” of the Ministry of Education. Since 2004, he has regularly returned to China for 1-2 months every year to carry out scientific research cooperation and fully participate in discipline planning and talent introduction. He has long participated in the selection of national scientific research projects and talent awards, and presided over the selection of the “Qiushi Outstanding Scientist Award” in the chemistry category. Dai Hongjie actively encourages students to return to China to work full-time. There are already a group of students active in domestic teaching and scientific research, including 6 National Outstanding Young Scholars, 2 Changjiang Professors, 8 National Excellent Youths, and 14 Young Talents. Dai Hongjie pays attention to the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in China. His invention of the aluminum battery won the 2016 R&D100 Award in the United States. Its industrialization has entered the pilot test stage in close cooperation with Tsinghua Shenzhen Research Institute and other domestic units. Its nanobiological scientific research achievements have been transformed in Shenzhen Wuweihuasi Company, and 4 disease detection products have been certified by the China Food and Drug Administration. In 2008, Dai Hongjie founded the English journal “Nano Research” co-published by Tsinghua University Press and Springer, and has been the editor-in-chief of the journal since its inception. The journal has an impact factor of 8.5 in 2018 and publishes more than 360 research papers each year. It is a Chinese academic journal with international influence and has contributed to the promotion of the status of Chinese scientific journals. The journal has received 14 national awards.

Luiz Davidovich

Luiz Davidovich, Brazilian nationality, optical theorist. Born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 1946. He is currently the president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, the secretary-general of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, the executive director of the International Science Council, and a professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. In 1995, he was elected as an academician of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. In 2000, he was awarded the Brazilian National Medal of Scientific Merit. In 2001, he was awarded the Physics Award of the Academy of Sciences of the Developing World. In 2003, he was elected as an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Developing World. In 2006, he was elected as a foreign academician of the National Academy of Sciences. In 2009, he was elected as an American Optics Fellow. Fellow of the Society, awarded in 2010 by Alvaro? Admiral Alberto Award, elected as a fellow of the American Physical Society in 2014, and elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2021.

  Professor Davidovich is mainly engaged in the research of quantum optics and quantum information, and has made important academic contributions in the fields of quantum entanglement, laser theory, and quantum measurement. Prof. Davidovich led his teams in Europe and Brazil and made important contributions in the fields of cavity quantum electrodynamics, quantum decoherence, quantum entanglement, laser theory and quantum metrology. He specifically analyzed the role of the environment in quantum coherence and quantum entanglement dynamics, and made practical work for the theoretical development and experimental verification of quantum metrology. Published more than 200 academic papers/books, cited more than 10,000 times.

Mohamed Jamal Deen

Canadian nationality, electrical engineering and applied physicist. Born in Guyana in June 1955. In 1982, he received a Ph.D. degree from Case Western Reserve University in the United States. He is currently a Distinguished Professor and Chief Scientist of Canada at McMaster University. In 2006, he was elected as a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, and as a member of the Royal Society of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada. In 2007 and 2012, he was elected as a foreign member of the Indian National Academy of Sciences and Academy of Engineering. From 2015 to 2017, he served as President of the Academy of Sciences of the Royal Society of Canada.

Jama Dean is an internationally recognized scientist in the field of electronic device and system noise research. The feature size of semiconductor silicon devices has entered the nanometer scale, and when wireless communication has continuously increased the requirements for low power consumption and high reliability of integrated circuits, the noise of semiconductor devices has become an important bottleneck that limits the further improvement of device performance. Jama Dean creatively combined physical research and engineering needs closely, and established an analytical model of a class of radio frequency noise and a de-embedding algorithm for noise source location and parameter extraction. He discovered the discretization law of low-frequency noise in small-scale devices and modeled it, which can not only accurately conform to the measured data but also be suitable for engineering design applications, and has been widely adopted by academia and industry. He successfully applied the law of noise-defect electronics in semiconductor devices to the simulation verification, optimal design and process quality evaluation of photodetectors and silicon imaging chips, which significantly improved the electrical performance and reliability of the chips, enabling detection under low light intensity The sensitivity is increased by 1~2 orders of magnitude, and the capture frame rate of the CMOS image sensor developed in cooperation with the industry reaches 1.25G frames per second. In addition, he is a Canadian and global research pioneer in the field of polymer flexible transistors and biosensors. He took the lead in establishing a complete and compact model of polymer field effect transistors and applied it to circuit simulation tools. The photodetuning technology proposed by him can achieve material passivation while optically changing the thickness of polymer films. He established the first complete and accurate physical-chemical model of silicon-based biosensors, which maximizes the sensing signal and minimizes physical noise. Based on this, the silicon-based biosensing microsystem has been successfully used in epidemic viruses and Detection and identification of bacteria-related pathogens, and successfully developed the first intelligent Chinese medicine system for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic and complex diseases for China.

In the 30 years since 1988, he has established close scientific research and teaching cooperation with 15 Chinese universities and research institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The areas of cooperation include micro-nano electronics, optoelectronics, smart sensors, Internet of Things, smart medical and Smart City. He served as part-time professor, honorary professor and visiting expert in 10 Chinese universities, directly supervised 64 Chinese scholars and doctoral students, co-authored 235 important academic papers, and served as the chairman or vice-chairman of 13 international conferences held in China, Since 1991, 80 invited academic lectures have been held in China. He has made important contributions to the low-noise modeling and circuit design of semiconductor devices in China, as well as the development of sensing technology.

Robert E. Dickinson

Born on March 1940, 3 in Minnesota, USA, 26 He entered Harvard University on a full scholarship to study natural sciences, mathematics, history, and literature, and received a bachelor’s degree in physics and chemistry. Subsequently, he entered the Department of Meteorology of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studied dynamic meteorology under the tutelage of many world-class meteorologists, proposed global-scale disturbances in the atmosphere (global waves stimulated by large-scale dynamic and thermal effects on land and ocean), and obtained a master’s degree and a doctorate degree in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1968, Dickinson was invited to join the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), where he gained an international reputation for pioneering work in meteorology. He pioneered research in the field of geothermal dynamics and radiation processes, successfully developing a global model that was later confirmed in the exploration of Venus and Mars, which is now widely used in the study of the upper atmosphere (more than 100 km) of Earth and other planets. In the early 70s, he conducted pioneering research on the Earth-climate system model, proposing that “global temperature changes can be understood by changes in net radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere and the sensitivity of global temperature to such forcings”, which later became the basic concept for greenhouse effect assessment.

In the early eighties, Dickinson presented the first paper on biosphere-atmosphere interactions, applying land surface process parameter methods to climate system simulations. To this end, he has carried out in-depth and systematic research for more than 20 years. He is recognized by academia as a leader in soaring between the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, remote sensing and other related fields. The computer model BATS developed by him has been widely used in China.

In 1988, Dickinson was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, and has since taught in the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at Univeristy of Arizona and the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. During this period, he received all advanced research awards from the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Society (AGU). From 2002 to 2004, Dickinson served as president of the AGU (American Geophysical Union), where he continued to explore the concept of simulating the land surface in climate models, and its relationship with the atmosphere-water cycle. The interrelationship between practical issues such as regional microclimate and water resources. During this period, CLM, a terrestrial model developed jointly by him and his colleagues at Beijing Normal University, has become the core of the Common Climate System Model and is widely used as a standard paradigm in China.

Dickinson is a pioneer in applying remote sensing data to climate simulation, applying NASA’s latest remote sensing data to improve land-atmosphere models, making important progress in many research directions such as using albedo and leaf area index observations, and has outstanding academic influence in the frontier fields of geophysics, meteorological science, geography and remote sensing science. In 2002, based on the practical application of his work on land surface models, he was elected to the American Academy of Engineering.

Dickinson is currently Professor at Jackson School of Geosciences of the University of Texas at Austin, Professor Emeritus at Beijing Normal University, Chair Professor at Tsinghua University, Ministry of Education/State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs of China.” Chief Scientist of the “Discipline Innovation and Intelligence Introduction Program for Colleges and Universities”.

Tariq Salim Durrani

Tariq Durrani(Tariq Salim Durrani), British nationality, signal processing expert. Born in India in October 1943. In 1970, he obtained a doctorate from the Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Southampton, UK. He is currently a professor at the School of Electronics and Electrical Engineering at the University of Strasclyde, UK, and served as the vice president of the school. Elected as a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh ( Scottish Academy of Sciences) in 1994, was elected as a member of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 1996, was elected as an academician of the Academy of Sciences in developing countries in 1998, and was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2021.

Professor Durani has long been engaged in research in the field of signal processing and has made pioneering and outstanding contributions. Professor Durani proposed a series of new and widely applicable solutions to some basic problems in the field of spectrum estimation, adaptive signal processing and array processing, signal processing of laser Doppler instrument systems, digital image processing, and seismic signal processing research. Sexual solutions have been widely recognized internationally. He created a new signal processing architecture, a complex crystal processor, and created a new frequency domain processing technology. In order to meet the demanding requirements of digital filter design, he proposed a series of new and compact one-dimensional or two-dimensional optimal digital filters. The technology proposed and developed by Professor Durani has now become an important part of passive sonar detection technology. He established a mathematical model of optical return analysis in fluid turbulence, laid the mathematical foundation for turbulence laser speed measurement, and made a groundbreaking contribution to the study of fluid turbulence. The related paper won the Electrical and Electronics Engineers Association (IEEE) The long-standing prestigious M Barry Carlton Award for the aerospace and electronic system chapter. His research work perfectly combines mathematical classics and scientific frontiers, and proposes new and widely applicable solutions to some basic problems in the field of signal processing.

Jerzy Duszynski

Male, Polish nationality, biologist. Born in Poland in March 1949. Graduated from Warsaw University in 1971, obtained a doctorate degree from the Nencki Institute of Biology in Poland in 1975, and obtained a doctorate qualification from the Nencki Institute of Biology in Poland in 1983. He was awarded the title of professor by the President of the Republic of Poland in 1993, and was elected to the Polish Academy of Sciences in 2012. Professor Dusinski has been the director of the Biomass Laboratory of the Nencki Institute of Polish Academy of Sciences since 1990. From 2008 to 2009, he served as the Deputy Minister of Science and Higher Education of Poland, responsible for scientific affairs and European cooperation. From 2010 to 2014, he served as Minister of the Biological and Agricultural Sciences Division of the Polish Academy of Sciences. In 2017, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Professor Dusinski is a famous scientist in the field of biochemistry. The main research fields are: bioenergy, the role of mitochondria in cell function, mitochondrial and neurodegenerative diseases, and aging.

Professor Dusinski has made a great contribution in bioenergy: he has shown through experiments that the substrate passage in living cells and the unique inner compartment are of great significance for cell metabolism. In terms of cell oxidation phosphoric acidification system regulation, Professor Dusinsky first experimented with measuring important elements of the complete cell oxidation phosphoric acidification regulation, and studied the distribution of regulatory factors in the oxidized phosphoric acidification system. Professor Dusinski also invented an original technology that can measure the energy capacity of proton power and adenine nucleotide in the mitochondrial matrix. Quantifying the energy capacity of the main elements in the mitochondrial phosphoric acidification system is a major part of the bioenergy field. achievement.

The concentration of calcium ions in cells is a very important regulatory factor for various physiological processes of cells. Professor Dusinski discovered the pH sensitivity of calculatory calcium into mammalian cells, which is of great significance in cell pathology. At the same time, he also discovered that there is an interaction between the PML protein-regulated mitochondrial body and the internal mass net and affects the metabolism of calcium ion in the cell. This is an important discovery that explains the molecular mechanism of the horizontal control of calcium ion in the cell. Professor Dusinski also established and described a method of separating subcells, reflecting the interaction between cellulars and cell membranes, which has been highly recognized and widely cited.

The Polish Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have a course of cooperation for more than thirty years and are one of the important cooperation units of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Eastern Europe. Through the agreement between the two houses, 30 people/week of scientific exchange visits are regularly supported each year. The intergovernmental projects of the two countries are also important channels of cooperation. The research areas are mainly focused on joint observation of stars, classification and evolution of animals and plants, semiconductor materials, crystal materials, etc. At the same time, the Boko Academy has always expressed its positive attitude regarding the scientific and technological cooperation of countries along the “ along the way. Dean Dusinski personally attended the “ International Scientific Forum of National Scientific Organizations along the ” National Science Organization held in Beijing from November 7th to 8th, 2016, and actively responded to related initiatives.

Richard Lawrence Edwards

American nationality, geochemist.1953year3Born in Boston, USA.1976Won the MIT Bachelor of Science,1988Ph.D. at the California Institute of Technology. publish293Papers, whereNaturewithScience 34In the past two years, it has been the second highest author in the field of earth science and the highest author in the field of geochemistry.2004Elected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,2011Elected as a member of the American Academy of Sciences every year. Won many important international awards.

Aisbon is engaged in isotope geochemistry and past climate change research. Ocean sediment, ice heart, and loess are regarded as the three pillars of past global change research, and Aisbon uses the mass spectrum uranium he established-Thorium Year Testing Technology has made outstanding contributions to the development of cave sediments as the fourth pillar in parallel. High-resolution cave stone bush records have successfully extended modern meteorological observation records and made an indispensable contribution to the study of global climate change. Open international topEdwardsThe laboratory, through international cooperation, revealed the changes in the climate of most parts of the world from the past 100 to 10,000 years. In the cave record study, he and his collaborators, mainly from China, calibrated the age of the ice heart record; he built stone springsd18OThe reflected iconic Asian and global monsoon climate change sequence has made important contributions to rebuilding the space-time evolution model of climate mutations; it has provided solid evidence of climate change caused by human activities.

He established and developed high-precision thermal ionizing mass spectrum(TIMS)Uranium-Thorium test technology, plasma mass spectrum (ICP-MS) Making a breakthrough contribution to the technological development of the year; he opened up uranium-Thorium and uranium-, become uranium-The pioneer of the year; greatly promoted radioactive carbon-14The establishment and improvement of the year correction curve14CThe correction curve has become contemporary14CThe basis of the test year;EdwardsApply uranium to coral fossils with his collaborators-Thorium Year Measurement Method established the last ice period to rotate to high-resolution sea level change curve to accurately understand the global ice period-Make a decisive contribution to the cyclic climate and sea level changes during the ice period;EdwardsWait for the earliest proposal, certification and display of coralSr-CaThe application of thermometerSr-CaThermometer has become an important research direction for marine science.

Under the influence of his fathers, he loved China and spared no effort to promote the development of China’s earth science. near20years,EdwardsProfessor is domestic25Universities and research institutes100Researchers provide key uranium-Thorium Year Testing Technology and Experimental Conditions, Free Sampling12000For the rest, published together more than70International academic papers. What is commendable is that he is humble, not only provides key year-of-life data, but also provides important scientific ideas for most papers, and finalizes them, published as the first author with the Chinese8articleNaturewithScienceThe paper has greatly improved the international status of Chinese stone shoots and climate change research. He has visited China many times to guide our country5The construction of a related laboratory specifically recommends Chinese scientists internationally, emphasizing the importance of China’s record in global change research, greatly enhancing our country’s international influence, and for young talents in the above-mentioned fields of our country to stand out and enter the international frontier And my country’s earth science has made great contributions to the world.

Wenfei Fan

American ( has settled in the UK ) since 2004, a computer scientist. Born in Beijing in January 1963. Graduated from Beijing University ( 1985 Bachelor, 1988 Master ) and University of Pennsylvania ( 1999 Doctor ). He is currently the director of the University of Edinburgh, the Royal Society of England (2018), the European Academy of Sciences (2017), the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2011) Academician, ACM Fellow(2012). He is the second Chinese academician from the Royal Society of China (FRS), the only Chinese academician in the field of information technology. He has won the British Roger Needham Award and the Royal Society Wolfson Research Excellence Award.

Fan Wenfei has long been engaged in research on big data, database theory and systems. The Royal Society of England said that “ he regulated the problem of big data query, and proposed a new method of calculating big data, which broke through the limitations of the traditional database system ”, “ made a pioneering contribution to the field of data quality and produced it in industry. Broad impact ”, “ promotes research on semi-structured data ”. He created a theory of easy-to-solve big data computing, which laid the foundation for the study of big data complexity; the automatic parallelization of graphic algorithms simplified the design, commissioning, and analysis of large-scale graphic computing procedures; and proposed large data calculations with limited resources The theory and method provide the basis for users with limited resources to achieve big data analysis. He reconstructed the theory of the five core issues of data quality, and proposed a series of data cleaning techniques to greatly improve semantic error processing capabilities, and for the first time provided correctness guarantees for key data repairs. He opened up a semi-structured data restraint research field. The defined XML restraint language was incorporated into the W3C standard, and a reasoning system was established, which had a profound impact on Web data management. He is one of two scholars who have included the best papers or time test awards for database theory and system top conferences internationally, and is hailed as “ a very small number of world-class scientists who have made breakthrough contributions in both database theory and system One ”.

Fan Wenfei actively participated in China’s technology and education. Selected overseas Jaying (2003), Yangtze River scholar (2008). From 2009 to 2019, he worked in the country for more than 6 months each year, taught in Bett University, Beihang, etc., and held more than 30 exchange lectures to train outstanding talents such as the Thousand People Program, Jieqing, and senior technical experts at the Alidama Academy. He cooperated with domestic scholars to jointly make internationally leading achievements in research fields such as big data analysis, parallel computing, and data quality, and won the five international awards for China’s top international database SIGMOD, VLDB best papers. He also serves as a visiting professor for Beihang, an honorary professor at Nanyan Institute of Beida University, an outstanding visiting professor at Tsinghua University, an overseas consulting expert at the State Council Overseas Chinese Overseas Chinese Association, and a special expert for Chinese academic construction, talent training, and technological development. His three-winning international award-winning “ large-scale map parallel computing system ” has greatly improved the efficiency of Alibaba’s recommendation system, in-depth learning, and business anti-fraud; he is assisting Ali to build the system into an original Chinese international brand. The “ resource-limited big data calculation ” results he developed have an quantitative improvement in the efficiency of China’s telecommunications big data analysis. He promoted the Huawei-Edinburgh University Joint Laboratory, bringing together a number of British academicians and professors to help Chinese companies innovate.

Bernard Lucas Feringa

Bernard L. Fellinga (Bernard Lucas Feringa), male, born in the Netherlands in May 1951, Dutch nationality, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2016. Received a doctorate from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands in 1978. Currently Jacobus H. van of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands Distinguished Professor of Molecular Science, Fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. He was elected as an honorary foreign academician at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2004, a member of the European Academy of Sciences in 2010, and a foreign academician at the National Academy of Sciences in 2019.

Bernard L Fellinga’s research field mainly catalyzes molecular machines and organic asymmetry. He synthesized the world’s first artificial molecular motor, achieved precise regulation of molecular motor rotation parameters through structural engineering, and developed a series of intelligent molecular materials based on molecular motors, bringing “the steam engine age” into the molecular dimension. The artificially synthesized nanomolecular vehicle he built can achieve precise guidance on the surface of gold, so that the macro machine concept can be realized in the micro world and become a milestone in the history of the development of chemical disciplines. At the same time, he introduced the concept of “light switch” to molecular information storage, liquid crystal materials, manual control, biological molecules and other fields, which promoted the development of related cross-cutting fields. He is also an outstanding contributor in the field of organic asymmetric catalytic research. Dozens of asymmetric catalytic conversion systems developed based on aphosphoramide have been widely used in many subject groups and have now become a star feringa composite. The conjugation of the grid reagent and cycloplone was achieved through copper catalysis, and this method was also widely used in full synthesis.

Bernard L Felinga maintains long-term close ties and cooperation with the Chinese scientific community and continues to conduct research on the frontier of disciplines. He and Fukuda Fujo jointly led the establishment of “Felinga Nobel Prize Scientist Joint Research Center” to serve the construction of the Shanghai Science Creation Center, aimed at creating basic research and talent training in precision chemistry and molecular engineering And international cooperation highlands. Formed a research team to carry out substantive scientific research in Shanghai. At present, the center has published many important achievements for the communication unit, and has made important contributions to the world’s influence in the field of molecular machines and smart materials. He was also hired as a visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong and an honorary professor at the Shanghai University of Transportation, etc., as “visiting professor of an internationally renowned master”, he was hired by Huali and approved by the country “Thousand People Program” Short-term (. He also participated extensively in China’s popular science creation activities, and has repeatedly conducted face-to-face exchanges with young teachers, college students, and high school students across the country to discuss science life. In 2018, he was awarded the “Baiyulan Memorial Award”by the Shanghai Municipal Government.

Else Marie Friis

Ancient botanist. Danish nationality. Born in Holstebro, Denmark(Holstebro). Graduated from Aarhus (Aarhus) University in Aarhus, Denmark in 1971, and received a doctorate degree from the school in 1980. She is an academician of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Languages, an academician of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and an academician of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Languages, and serves as the chairman of the International Society of Ancient Plants.

Professor Fu Ruisi is mainly engaged in research work on exploring the origin, early evolution and radiation of vegetation, as well as its role and impact on the biological world and the earth’s environment. The chopping stone of (fusainized) was found in the sediments of the chalk in southern Sweden, and the three-dimensional structure of flowers was studied and restored using electronic microscopic technology. Since then, fossils of multi-category vegetable plants have been discovered and studied, and their origins and evolution processes have been traced and explored. Especially important are the oldest single-leaf plant fossils and golden threads of Mayko, Golden Miln, and Sleeping Lotus. Research on other quilts. She also separated in-situ pollen from many fossils so that she could understand the parent plants of these pollen. In addition, on the basis of the above research, the origin and evolution of the geological history period were systematically summarized. Important work has also been done on the development of seed plant systems and the evolution of seed diversity during geological periods. He has won many scientific and technological awards such as the Hans of the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Technology; the Gram Medal and the Lin Nai Award of the Royal Swedish Society of Natural Sciences.

Professor Fu Ruisi is very friendly to China. He has visited many universities and research institutes in my country to make academic reports and conduct academic exchanges; and held a series of lectures on ancient quilt zoology that lasted 10 days at the Nanjing Geological and Paleontology Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and also offered a large number of books to the institute. Currently, a number of cooperative exchange programs are being carried out with researchers from the Institute of Plant Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Nanjing Institute of Geological and Paleontology. Elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2002.

Huajian Gao

American nationality, solid mechanic. In1963 Born in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.18Graduated from Xi’an University of Transportation at the age of,1988Received a doctorate from Harvard University in the United States every year. 2012 Elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering in the United States.

The field of high-tech research is solid macroscopic deformation and destruction. His three main scientific achievements are: the creation of the simulation calculation based on the response gradient theory on the micro mechanism and the development of the micro-nanoplastic deformation mechanism, the establishment of the mechanical theory system of nanobiological structure, and the creation of supersonic and ultra-elastic dynamic fracturing mechanics. Based on positional error mechanics, Takahua Healthyness describes the strength of the material and the positioning error density Taylor The law departs and was created with a multi-scale paradigm MSGTheory; his MSG The work of theory and micro-nanoplastic deformation mechanism is used all over the world64Countries and regions2411Cited by universities and scientific research institutions. Nature can combine soft protein and crispy minerals to form extremely tough biological materials; high-tech studies have revealed that there is a specific type of nanostructure in biological structure materials: that is, hard plate-like materials are cross-inlaid in a softer matrix ; He proposed“pull-Chain cutting”Model and“Divided bones”The model successfully explained the experimental results of the multi-scale deformation of the bones. The classic mechanical theory believes that the expansion speed of the crack cannot exceed the elastic wave velocity; Gaohuajian first discovered the expansion of supersonic cracks through ultra-large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. His research broke the traditional theory of fracturing mechanics and successfully explained the high speed. The experimental results of the rift tip failure of the crack expansion.

Takahua Jian has published an academic paper 300 The rest,ISI Quote 18600F or the rest, scholars in the field of world solid mechanics passed 20 The quotation ranked first in the year. Takahuajian is currently international 60 The most outstanding representative of solid mechanics under the age of. In 2012 At the International Federation of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, he was awarded the highest honor in the world mechanics with only one person for four years—Rodney HillSolid mechanics award. The award speech mentioned “ his research results laid and expanded the frontier of modern mechanics research ”. In 2015, he won the highest award from the American Engineering Science Association—William PragerAward, and the highest material award of the American Association of Mechanical Engineers—Nadaiprize.

Takahua Ken actively cooperates with domestic scholars, he is 2003-2005 During the year, he served as the overseas director of Shenyang Interface Materials Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and actively promoted the cooperation between Mapu Institute and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He Yu2001-2011He served as the co-editor of the English version of the Chinese mechanics journal every year, making a founding contribution to the internationalization of this journal. In 2012, he co-founded the Advanced Mechanics and Materials Center of Tsinghua University. In recent years, he has worked more domestically every year 2 Months, giving academic lectures and reports in China 100 Yu Yard, academic papers cited by domestic scholars 5500 For the rest, published in cooperation with domestic 130 The remaining academic papers.

20 PhD students and postdoctoral students in Takahua Health Training have returned to China, of which 2 have received Jiang Scholars, Minister of Education, and 7 National Outstanding Youth Funds. For example, Dr. Wang Xiang worked with Gao Huajian at the Mapu Metals Institute in Germany from 2001 to 2003. After returning to China, he joined China Aerospace Technology Group Corporation and made a significant contribution to the successful completion of the handover of Tiangong No. 1 and Shenzhou No. 8.

Andre K. Geim

Male, Dutch and British dual nationality, physicist. Born in Russia in October 1958. In 1987, he obtained a doctorate from the Institute of Solid Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is currently Professor Regius of the University of Manchester and Research Professor of the Royal Society. He was elected as a member of the Royal Society in 2007 and as a foreign academician of the National Academy of Sciences in 2012. In 2017, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Professor Gem is mainly engaged in the research of two-dimensional atomic crystal materials. His main academic contributions include: (1) took the lead in stripping graphite in 2004, and conducted a groundbreaking study on its electrology, optical properties, etc., and found that the carrier in graphite ole exhibits two-dimensional dillac Femi sub-characteristic, with a semi-intell effect and room temperature quantum hole effect and other series of novel physical phenomena. In 2010, Professor Gem won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his experimental discovery of graphite and its unique properties. (2) He took the lead in carrying out research on other two-dimensional atomic crystals, opened up the field of two-dimensional atomic crystal research, led and led the worldwide research on two-dimensional atomic crystals, and led the exploration of two-dimensional atomic crystals in molecules, ion , Proton, isotope separation and other fields. (3) In recent years, Professor Gem has created a new direction for Vandwars heterogeneous structural materials based on two-dimensional atomic crystals. So far, Professor Gem has published more than 300 SCI papers ( in internationally renowned journals, of which more than 30 ) have been published in Science and Nature. They have been cited more than 126,000 times by SCI and have been selected by Thomson-Reuters World High The top 10 scientists.

Professor Gem has made important contributions to the development of two-dimensional atomic crystal materials such as Chinese graphite. He has trained dozens of graduate students, postdoctoral students and visiting scholars from China, many of whom have become young academic leaders and backbone forces in the field of graphite in my country. Professor Gem attaches great importance to cooperation and exchanges with Chinese scholars. He won the Chinese Academy of Sciences “ Einstein Chair Professor ” in 2009 and was jointly established with the Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen College of Tsinghua University in 2017. “ Shenzhen Gem Petrotene Research Center ” and served as director. Professor Gem has established long-term close cooperative relations with many scientific research units and universities in my country, such as the Institute of Metals and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of China and the National Defense Section, and has published many articles in cooperation with Nature and Science. Thesis. Professor Gem also strongly supports and has participated in many international academic conferences on graphite in my country, such as the China International Graphite Innovation Conference and the Shenzhen International Graphite Ene Summit Forum, etc., to provide suggestions for the development of graphite in my country.

Professor Gem also attaches great importance to cooperation with the Chinese graphite industry. In 2015, President Xi Jinping visited the National Graphite Institute in the United Kingdom, accompanied by Professor Gem, etc., and witnessed the signing of a cooperation project between the Graphite Institute and Huawei and China Aeronautical Industry Group. Professor Gem also served as the Honorary Director of the Advisory Committee of the Graphite Enterprise Technology Center in the Tsingdao High-tech District, which facilitated the merger of British Graphite Lighting Company and Shandong Titestar Photovoltaic Technology Co., Ltd., which was invested in its technology and funds, and actively promoted Chinese graphite The process of industrialization of alley.

Michael Grätzel

Michael Grätzel ( Michael Grätzel), Swiss nationality, physicist. Born in Dove Schimnitz, Germany in 1944. He received a master’s degree in chemistry from the Free University of Berlin in Germany in 1968, a doctorate in physics from the Industrial University of Berlin in 1971, and a postdoctoral study at the University of Notre Dame in 1972— in 1974. He has been working at the Lausanne Institute of Technology in Switzerland since 1977 and is currently the director and professor of the Optical Laboratory at the Lausanne Institute of Technology in Switzerland. Elected as a member of the European Academy of Sciences in 2012, as a member of the German National Academy of Sciences in 2014, as a member of the National Institute of Inventors in the United States in 2016, as an academician of the Swiss Academy of Engineering in 2019, and as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2021.

Professor Gretzell mainly carried out research on dye sensitization solar cells, calcium titanium mine solar cells and solar fuel innovation and achieved outstanding achievements. He is known as the father of “ dye sensitization solar cells ” and has created energy in the meso system. And charge transfer reaction research and its application in energy conversion system,And made a series of major scientific breakthroughs, invented the dye sensitized solar cell ( called “Grätzel battery ”); in addition, work on the dye sensitized solar cell has contributed to the calcium-titanium mine. The rapid development of solar cells has exceeded 25% within 10 years%The photoelectric conversion efficiency exceeds the conversion efficiency of the multicoramic silicon solar cell; it leads the application of the meso-surface system in the solar fuel field. So farNature, SciencePublished more than 1,650 papers in other journals, with a total of more than 410,000 citations, with a maximum of more than 30,000 citations in a single book, Google Academic (h Index 280; recently, a scientist led by Stanford University ranked Professor Gretzel was listed as the first of 10,000000 top scientists in various fields. Professor Gretzell is authorized to patent more than 50 times. Won more than 30 internationally rewards, including the European Millennium Innovation Award (2000), the Royal Society of Chemistry Faraday Medal (2001), the Italian Eni-Idar Scientific Environment Award(2003), Harvey Science and Technology Award<TAG1、Israeli Prime Minister Samson Alternative Fuel Innovation Award (2014), King Faisal International Science Award (2015), Swiss Chemical Society Barcelona Award and Medal (2016) Royal Chemical Society Centennial Award (201)•Hoffman Medal (2018), German Dyers-Planck Medal and Lecture (2020), etc.

Martin Groetschel

German nationality, mathematician. In 1948, Born in Schwerm, Germany. 1977 Received a doctorate from the University of Bonn, Germany. 1995 Elected as a member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin,1999 Elected as a foreign academician of the US Academy of Engineering,2005 Elected in Germany Leopodina Fellow of the Academy of Sciences,2011 Chairman of the Einstein Fund Committee since then,In 2015, he served as the Dean of the Berlin Academy of Sciences.

Martin Groechel’s research interests are broad and include optimization, discrete mathematics, and operations research. He has worked on mixed integer programming, combinatorial optimization geometric methods (convex polyhedron theory, convex combination, convex geometry, cutting plane method, branch and bound method, etc.), graph theory and matroid theory, special combinatorial optimization problems (traveling salesman problem, maximum Cutting problem, complete graph, clustering problem, path and sorting, online optimization, multi-connectivity and network flow problems) have achieved systematic and internationally influential results, and won the highest award of the International Association for Mathematical Optimization – Dantzig prize. Groecher made a groundbreaking work on the traveling salesman problem. He demonstrated that it is impossible to find a linear Said that he introduced the classification of various polyhedra, established the famous group tree inequality, proposed the antisymmetric traveling salesman problem and the symmetrical traveling salesman problem, etc. He has made significant contributions to segmentation and bipartite graphs. He found polyhedron solving techniques for weak bipartite graphs, and extended the results to bipartite subgraph polyhedrons, which established a foundation for polyhedron segmentation research and promoted the development of multi-cut and corresponding polyhedrons. Research. For linear sorting problems and circle-free graph problems that have important economic applications, he developed a solution theory based on polyhedron combinations, and designed and provided effective calculation methods for such (NP-hard) problems. Martin•Grachel has long served as the executive committee and secretary general of the International Mathematics Union, and has made great contributions to promoting exchanges and cooperation between the Chinese mathematics community and the international mathematics community, as well as the development of Chinese mathematics. He strongly supports China’s application 2002 International Conference of Mathematicians, successfully held for my country ICM-200 Contributed. Professor Grachel has repeatedly reported to the academic annual meeting held by the Chinese Mathematics Society. He has close academic exchanges with many universities and scientific research institutes in my country. He has participated in the International Mathematics Center of Peking University and Chen Shenxian University in Nankai University. Academic exchange activities and academic review activities organized by the Institute of Mathematics and Systems of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has long been BerlinZuse The leadership of the Institute has vigorously promoted the academic exchanges and cooperation between the Institute and many units in my country, and has contributed to the development of talents and disciplines in my country’s mathematics, especially in optimization.

David Gross

American nationality, physicist. Born in Washington, USA in February 1941. In 1966, he obtained a doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley. He was elected as an academician of the American Academy of Science and Arts in 1985, and as an academician of the American Academy of Sciences in 1986. Won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2004. Elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2011.

David Gross has made a series of groundbreaking research results in theoretical physics, especially normative field theory, particle physics and superstring theory. He is one of the main founders of quantum chromodynamics. Quantum chromodynamics, as the basic theory of “ strong interaction force ” describing one of the four basic forces of nature, has become the basis for studying the nature of strong children and nuclear physics. He and his collaborators found that strong interaction has the characteristics of gradual freedom, revealing the important nature of the strong interaction of the material basic group of elements-quark, which weakens with the distance between quarks, making the method of using the microdisturb quantum field theory accurate Prophecy and analysis of high-energy physical imaging became possible, and received extensive experimental verification. Another important corollary of progressive freedom is the phenomenon of quark confinement, which prevents quark from leaving the strong and exists freely. This theory profoundly changed the understanding of scientists on the basic forces and methods of action in nature, and improved the standard model of particle physics. At the same time, the theory implies that various basic interactions in nature may be described uniformly. Superstring theory is currently the most likely theory to correctly describe quantum gravity and unify the four basic interactions. David Gross has made a outstanding contribution to the development of superstring theory. He is one of the founders of “ Oystrophy Theory”, which has become the most important work to promote the first revolutionary progress of string theory One.

David Gross is very concerned about the development of Chinese science. In recent years, he has visited and lectured on China every year, and has made active efforts to promote the development of China’s basic research and enhance China’s influence in the international scientific community. In 2005, he was hired as a lecture professor at Einstein, a secondary school. He has visited Zhejiang University, Tsinghua University, Nanjing University, Lanzhou University, Xiamen University, Beijing University and other scientific research institutes, and served as honorary professors at many universities. Contributed to the implementation of the “ Young Scientists Exchange and Access Program ” in the field of theoretical physics and mathematics in my country. Facilitated the 2006 International Year of Superstring Conference in China, and nearly 6,000 listeners listened to the special report of the opening ceremony of the conference. Invited to participate in the 2008 and 2011 Nobel Prize winners Beijing Forum, 2010 World Expo Summit Forum, etc. Since 2005, he has accepted the invitation of the Dean of the Chinese Academy of Sciences as the chairman of the International Advisory Committee, and has played an active role in the development of the Institute of Theoretical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Institute of Theoretical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KITPC),Became one of 15 members of the world’s top universities including Harvard and Cambridge. KITPC operates in a new model, attracting many top international scientists to carry out longer-term research projects, creating opportunities for young domestic scholars to cooperate and communicate with the world’s top scientists, and building a good reputation internationally. David Gross has repeatedly emphasized that “ scientific research is like a tree. The trunk and roots are basic research. Only by paying attention to basic research can the tree grow leaves, even bloom, and result. ”

Robert Howard Grubbs

American nationality, expert in the fields of organic chemistry and molecular science.1942 Born in Kentucky, USA. 2005Year and Schrock with Chauvin Won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He is now a member of the Third Academy of Arts and Sciences, Academy of Engineering, Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Robert• The main research areas of Grabs are organic chemistry and high molecular science, the most prominent achievement is the lemonocyclic reaction (OM) Research and Development: Clarified by Deuterium Substitute Experiment OM Machine. Inspired by mechanism, the catalyst was developed from metal salts to efficient metal subalkyl compounds and chutonium catalysts. It is characterized by high activity, good tolerance for other functional groups, no fear of oxygen or water, industrial applications are more convenient, will OM Develop into a very useful response.

OM The application of high-molecular synthesis is mainly through open-ring polymerization and decomposition, the product can enhance the mechanical performance of wooden materials, and the synthetic ultra-high molecular weight can be used in body armor. The new catalyst exhibits good active polymerization behavior, which can be embedded together, etc. If the acquired two-parent polymer can be assembled to form a nanoscale glue. The linear comb-shaped high-density joint polymer obtained through controllable polymer has a unique optical nature and reflects the light of a specific band. Optical materials for the entire band from visible to near infrared can be obtained from different ratios.

Guanhuan Complex Reaction (RCM) is widely used in organic synthesis, especially in the synthesis of natural products, such as in a drug for hepatitis CRCM In response, a 15-dollar ring was constructed in one step, and there are many kinds of substitutions on the ring, and entered 400 kg Production. due to RCM The tolerance for the base group is good and the response conditions are moderate, and it is widely used in the full synthesis of natural products. E.g Nicolaouwill RCM Applied in the synthesis of anti-cancer drugs. Robert•Grabs and others have also introduced circular groups on peptides and amino acid chains to control protein tectons or regulate affinity.

Robert Grabs has been in contact with the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry in the Chinese Academy of Sciences for more than 30 years since he participated in the first Chinese, Japanese, and American Trilateral Metal Organic Chemistry Conference in 1980. He has repeatedly given academic lectures and discussions at Shanghai Organic Institute. In 2011, he also made an academic report at the “ 2011 International Symposium on Advanced Fibroscopic Materials ” held at the University of East China. In 2014, he served as a lecture professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences “ Einstein ”, and at the “ Third International Symposium on Health Information Science — health-related biological material molecule ” Do an academic report. He is also the permanent honorary chairman of the Grubbs Forum at Nimbo University and has held three sessions so far. He has been a visiting professor at Ningbo University since 2012, and Ningbo University is preparing to build the Grubbs Institute. He was an honorary professor at Wuhan University in 2007 and has been an international consultant member of the Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering at the Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 2013. Since 2001, he has been an honorary professor at the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Approximately 10 graduate students and postdoctors from China were trained, and 5 of them held teaching positions in colleges and universities.