Anders Lindquist

Swedish nationality, control scientist. Born in November 1942 in Lund, Sweden. He received his doctorate from the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. He was Head of the Department of Mathematics at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden.

Anderson Lindquist’s research involves many fundamental theories in the field of systems and control, including system identification, signal processing and filtering, and stochastic and robust control. He has solved some universal and key basic theoretical problems in this field, achieved major original theoretical results, laid the foundation for understanding and solving practical engineering problems, and exerted extensive influence. His main representative achievements are as follows:

1. The Non-Riccati equation solving algorithm for the famous Kalman filter design problem is proposed, which greatly reduces the complexity of the algorithm and improves the convergence speed of the algorithm, which is widely used in practical engineering systems. In addition, the separation principle of time-delay stochastic system is proposed, which forms an important theoretical basis for the controller design of stochastic system.

2. The complete parametric solution of the rational covariance extension problem is given, a major problem in the field of signal processing and robust control has been solved for a long time, and the geometric theory of stochastic implementation is developed, known as “Lindquist-Picci theory”, which is widely used in model simplification, smoothing, random interpolation, information fusion, econometrics, dynamic vision and random control.

3. In the field of engineering applications, the convex optimization problem of great significance for robust control and spectral estimation is solved, which lays a theoretical foundation for the rapid solution of large-scale optimization problems in multiple engineering fields. These methods have also been extended to more general rational measure moment problems, providing a new theoretical framework and mathematical tools for solving critical problems in systems, signals, and control, and have been widely used in important problems such as spectral estimation, signal processing, and robust control.

Anderson Lindquist has made important contributions to promoting academic exchanges and cooperation between China and Switzerland in the field of automatic control. As early as 1988, he visited China and served as a visiting professor at East China Normal University. Since then, he has been invited to give reports at many universities and scientific research institutions in China, and has given conference reports at many international conferences held in China. Since 2003, Anderson? As the main initiator, Linquist co-organized six sessions of the “China-Sweden Bilateral Control Conference” with the Chinese side, and made outstanding contributions to promoting cooperation and exchanges between Chinese and Swiss control scholars. In particular, Anderson? Lin Quist has been a full-time Chair Professor in the Department of Automation at Shanghai Jiao Tong University since July 2011 。 Since joining the university, he has actively invited internationally renowned experts to do cooperative research and visiting exchanges, which has further promoted international academic exchanges and development. At the same time, he has actively participated in various consulting activities, including serving as a special guest speaker at the Pujiang Forum hosted by the Ministry of Education and the Shanghai Municipal Government, and facilitating the signing of a cooperation agreement between Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Padua in Italy, to which he has sent international students. His work is of great significance to open up a new research direction of control science and engineering in China, promote the basic research of complex system optimization theory, cultivate high-level talents, and strive for first-class disciplines.

Bede Liu

American nationality, information scientist. Born in Shanghai in September 1934. In 1959, he received a Ph.D. from New York University in the United States. He was elected as an academician of the American Academy of Engineering in 2002, and an academician of Taiwan’s “Academia Sinica” in 2006. In 2011, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Liu Bizhi is an internationally recognized pioneer in the field of digital signal processing. He continued to put forward milestone theoretical innovations, which greatly promoted the application and industrialization of digital products, and won the highest awards of the IEEE Signal Processing Society and the Circuits and Systems Society in 1997 and 2000, respectively. He proposed a 1-bit signal processing method based on differential PCM, which is the theoretical basis for the realization of CD players, A/D converters, etc., and promoted the industrialization of CD players; in the field of digital filters, his multiplication-free operation method has become The core method of DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform), which forms the basis of digital image and video processing today. The FFT floating-point calculation error analysis he proposed is the earliest pioneering paper in the field of digital signal processing accuracy. It has established a standard for system design accuracy and is widely used in signal reconstruction. It has had a profound impact on X-ray CT and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging equipment. Influence. The new method of digital video motion vector calculation he proposed is used for fast encoding of video images, the new method of image automatic content analysis is used for multimedia database retrieval, and the new method of image re-encoding is used for network transmission. His fundamental work played a key role in bringing digital video and multimedia technology into the home. The digital watermarking method he proposed is used for the authentication, storage and confidentiality of multimedia materials (audio, images, files), and solves the problem of strengthening the protection of “intellectual property rights” and the authenticity of materials.

Liu Bizhi cares about China’s education and technological development, actively assists mainland universities and research institutes to participate in international academic exchanges, and cultivates talents for China. He has close ties with the Chinese scientific community. He serves as honorary professor and visiting professor of the Institute of Acoustics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Electronics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Tsinghua University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, and Dalian University of Technology. He returns to China to give lectures almost every year. Introducing the latest research results in the field of signal processing abroad to Chinese counterparts has greatly promoted the development of signal processing in China. Since 1983, he has trained 15 doctoral students for China. At the same time, he has received and guided many Chinese scholars visiting the United States and Chinese students studying abroad. Some of them have been elected as academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, or served as university presidents, department heads and Director. In 1986, when he served as the chairman of IEEE Group I (including six associations including signal processing, circuits and systems), he contributed to the first joint academic conference between IEEE and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, which was the earliest academic exchange between IEEE and China in this field Activities, actively promote and enhance China’s influence in related fields. He contributed to the establishment of IEEE Beijing Branch, and directly appointed the first batch of 12 IEEE fellows in China without going through senior members, which greatly promoted the cooperation between IEEE and the Chinese Institute of Electronics, China Communications Society, China Computer Federation, and China Automation Society. Cooperation and exchange. In the same year, under his promotion, the former, current and next leaders of the American IEEE visited China at the same time, and were received by Yan Jici, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, and Zhou Guangzhao, President. He used his extensive influence in many international organizations to publicize the achievements of our country in the field of science and technology, which had a good impact on improving China’s popularity in the field of international signal processing.

Steven G. Louie

Lei Gancheng (Steven G. Louie), American nationality, condensed matter physics and materials scientist. Born in March 1949 in Guangdong, China. In 1972, he received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. He is currently a chair professor of the Department of Physics at the University of California, Berkeley, a senior scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and director of the Center for Computational Research on Excited State Phenomena in Energy Materials (C2SEPEM) of the US Department of Energy. He was elected as an academician of the National Academy of Sciences in 2005, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009, and a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2021.

Professor Lei Gancheng is one of the leading figures in international condensed matter physics and materials science. He has published more than 600 SCI papers in this field, including 22 in Science and Nature , 28 in Nature sub-journals, and 134 in Physical Review Letters . The total number of SCI citations of the paper is more than 80,000 times, and the H index is 134. In the field of Google Scholar’s “Condensed Matter Theory” in 2021, the number of citations of Professor Lei Gancheng’s papers ranked second in the world; in the field of “Theoretical Physics”, the number of citations ranked sixth in the world. Lei Gancheng has won many academic awards such as the Rahman Award (computational physics direction) and the Davisson-Germer Award (atomic or surface physics direction) of the American Physical Society, and the Materials Theory Award of the American Society for Materials Research.

Professor Lei Gancheng’s research achievements include: ①Initiated and developed the calculation method of electronic excited state. The proposed GW-BSE method based on the many-body theory is the first practical solution for the first-principles calculation of the electronic excited states of real materials, and has become the mainstream method for accurate prediction of the electronic excited states and optical properties of materials today. He led the development of the corresponding BerkeleyGW open source software package, which is widely used all over the world. ② Leading the research in the fields of low-dimensional physics and nanomaterials. Predicted boron-nitrogen nanotubes and realized them for the first time in cooperation with experiments; predicted electron/spin properties and rich topological phases of graphene nanoribbons; predicted giant excitonic effects in two-dimensional crystals, thereby correcting the Optical selection rules for semiconductors. ③ Solved some basic theoretical problems in condensed matter physics. Discovered the importance of the multi-electron effect on the renormalization of molecular energy levels at the metal-molecule interface; proposed a correction to the pseudopotential nonlinear effect; theoretically explained the multi-gap superconductivity in magnesium diboride, two-dimensional Magnetic origin of magnets and strong magneto-optical coupling effects, etc.

Gaoqing (Max) Lu

Australian nationality, nanomaterials scientist. Born in Tao’an, Jilin in November 1963. In 1983 and 1986, he obtained a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree from Northeastern Institute of Technology (now Northeastern University), and in 1991, he obtained a doctorate degree from the University of Queensland, Australia. Currently Vice-Chancellor of the University of Surrey. He was elected as a fellow of the Australian Academy of Engineering in 2002, a fellow of the Australian Academy of Sciences in 2013, a fellow of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World in 2016, and a fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2019.

Lu Qingqing has long been engaged in research on the preparation of functional nanomaterials and their applications in energy, environment and biomedicine. He took the lead in preparing anatase titanium dioxide crystals with a {001} ratio as high as 47% in the world, opened up and promoted the research field of photocatalytic materials with specific crystal planes; proposed a new method to control the configuration and spatial distribution of dopants Based on this idea, the full-spectrum visible light absorption of titanium dioxide-based photocatalytic materials has been realized. He discovered that typical mesoporous silica materials have three types of silanol groups: isolated, hydrogen-bonded, and paired, and proposed a surface silylation technology that can effectively control hydrophobicity; invented a face-centered cubic symmetry, dual-mode A new type of mesoporous material with a pore structure, a new model of the liquid crystal template and the cooperative self-assembly mechanism – the hard sphere close-packed model. The silicon oxide molecular sieve inorganic membrane he invented can realize efficient separation of CO2, H2, CH4 and other gases, and this technology was transferred to Saudi Arabian oil company; the use of clay nanosheets for the transmission of RNAi is very effective for plant anti-virus and does not produce side effects. The new technology has been tested on a large scale by Australian agricultural company Nufarm. He has published more than 560 papers, which have been cited more than 57,000 times. He is a highly cited scientist in the fields of materials and chemistry, and has won several academic awards.

Lu HD has made important contributions to the development of China’s science and technology. He has established long-term and fruitful cooperative relations with many domestic universities and scientific research institutes, and jointly completed a number of international cooperation projects. Overseas Innovation Team – Distinguished Researcher of Shenyang Interface Materials Research Center. He has trained nearly a hundred students and scholars from China, and many of them have become academic leaders in the field of functional materials. He has played a very important role in promoting the cooperation between Australia, the United Kingdom and China in science, education and research, and has also made outstanding contributions in promoting China’s scientific research management and scientific research integrity. For his outstanding contribution to China’s scientific and technological cooperation, he won the 2011 Chinese Academy of Sciences International Cooperation Award and the 2011 People’s Republic of China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award.

Tso – Ping Ma

American nationality, micro-nano electronics scientist. Born in November 1945 in Lanzhou City, Gansu Province. In 1974, he received a doctorate degree from Yale University in the United States. In 2003, he was elected as a member of the American Academy of Engineering.

Ma Zuoping has made important contributions to the scientific understanding and technological development of metal/oxide/semiconductor (MOS), especially in the field of MOS gate dielectric (including gate dielectric with high dielectric constant). Beginning in 1970, he pointed out the important influence of tunneling current on MOS characteristics in his research on ultra-thin (~4nm) gate silicon oxide, and found that the interface traps generated by radiation effects or hot carrier effects have a relationship with the strain distribution near the interface. Based on this, a “gate-induced strain distribution” model is proposed to explain the experimental results, and it is deduced that a very small amount of impurities such as fluorine, chlorine or nitrogen are doped in the gate silicon oxide to promote the relaxation of the strain. Methods of reducing radiation or hot carrier effects. A transition phenomenon of interfacial traps in MOS undergoing irradiation was discovered and subsequently systematically studied. He first proposed the concept of using silicon nitride (Si 3 N 4 ) as the MOS gate dielectric to replace silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), and first proved its feasibility through experiments, which promoted the introduction of gate dielectrics with higher dielectric constants in recent years. The concept of medium, and then promote the future of MOS technology. Recently, Intel, IBM and other companies announced the mass production of High-k Gate Dielectrics chips, which formally practiced Mazopin’s early ideas. Recently, his research group pioneered the use of “Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy” (IETS) method to detect microstructures, microdefects and impurities in ultrathin high dielectric constant media. IETS is expected to be widely used in the future, thereby further promoting the research and development of MOS gate dielectrics.

Ma Zuoping trained a large number of Chinese microelectronics technology experts at Yale University, and more than 40 Chinese students obtained doctoral degrees under his guidance. Since 1993, he has returned to China almost every year, and has given lectures in scientific research institutions and universities such as China Academy of Aerospace Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tsinghua University, Peking University, Shandong University, Tianjin University, Fudan University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, and Xiamen University. From 1994 to 2000, Ma Zuoping’s research group cooperated closely with the radiation effect group of Xinjiang Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, making Xinjiang Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences one of the radiation effect centers of semiconductor devices in China. From 2002 to 2005, jointly developed and manufactured advanced flash memory devices with Tsinghua University, and made great contributions to the progress of Tsinghua University’s flash memory research. In 2005, Ma Zuoping and Wang Yangyuan of Peking University Institute of Microelectronics jointly established the Peking University-Yale Micro-Nano Electronics Collaborative Research Center to jointly discuss the most advanced scientific topics in the field of microelectronics and nanoelectronics. Ma Zuoping was hired as a member of the Fujian Provincial Information Industry Expert Committee, a consultant to the Fujian Provincial Government, and a chief consultant for the microelectronics industry in Suzhou Industrial Park. In 2010, Ma Zuoping will co-host the 10th International Conference on Solid State and Integrated Circuit Technology (ICSICT) in China with domestic peer experts.

Ho-kwang David Mao

Geophysicist. American citizenship. Born in Shanghai, China. In 1963, he received a bachelor’s degree in geology from National Taiwan University. In 1966 and 1967, he received a master’s degree and a doctorate degree from the University of Rochester in the United States. He is currently a researcher at the Geophysical Laboratory and High Pressure Research Center of the Carnegie Institution of the United States. Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1993). In 1989, he won the Bridgman Award, the highest award in the international high voltage field. In 1976, the diamond pressure cavity (DAC) improved in cooperation with PM Bell could reach 100GPa (1Mbar), and in 1978 it was raised to 173GPa, which is equivalent to the pressure of the outer core of the earth. In 1986, he cooperated with Xu Ji’an and PM Bell to create a new record of the world’s highest static pressure of 550GPa (which has exceeded the pressure at the center of the earth).

In addition to being a world leader in the field of high-pressure technology (including the acquisition of the highest pressure and various measurement techniques), remarkable achievements have been made in ultra-high pressure research: the determination of the temperature and pressure of the MgO-FeO-SiO2 system in the lower mantle The correlation of minerals under high temperature conditions; observed the disproportionation reaction of ferrous iron at high temperature, and the strong differentiation phenomenon of iron and magnesium; carried out research on hydrogen metallization and observed new important phenomena, etc. In 1996, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Rudolph A. Marcus

Chemist. American citizenship. Born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He received a bachelor’s degree from McGill University in Canada in 1943 and a doctorate in philosophy from the school in 1946. In 1958, he became a professor at Brooklyn Polytechnic University. In 1964, he became a professor at the University of Illinois in the United States. In 1975, he became a professor at Oxford University. Since 1978, he has been a chair professor of chemistry at the California Institute of Technology. Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1970). He was awarded the Wolf Prize in Chemistry (1985), the National Medal of Science (1989), the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1992) and the National Academy of Sciences Gold Medal for Achievement (1995).

Professor Marcus has made many important contributions in theoretical chemistry, one of which is the Marcus theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems, which involves almost all branches of chemistry related to chemical reaction rates, as well as materials science, molecular devices and Fields such as life sciences have promoted the development of these disciplines. In the study of unimolecular reactions, developing the early RRK theory into the RRKM (Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus) theory is an important theoretical tool for the current study of high-energy molecules. In 1998, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Marcia Kemper McNutt

American nationality, geophysicist. Born in February 1952 in Apollos, Minnesota, USA. In 1978, he received a doctorate degree from the Scripp Institution of Oceanography in the United States. The current President of the National Academy of Sciences. He was elected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1999, a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2005, a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2016, and a foreign member of the Royal Society in 2017.

Marcia McNutt’s research focuses on the behavior of the thermal mechanisms of Earth’s plate tectonics. Beginning in the early to mid-1970s, McNutt was one of the few scientists who made fundamental contributions to the now-accepted theory of plate load deformation on geological timescales. She argues that where the plate is highly curved, the rock’s elastic limit is exceeded, and when this limit is reached and exceeded, the plate becomes thinner than it would be if it were slightly deformed, due to brittle fracture at the shallow surface and ductile flow in the basement. She also thinks that the thermal anomalies that drive volcanism change the age of lithospheric plates, making them thermodynamically active like a young, weak elastic body. She pointed out the possibility of using ocean geoid data obtained by satellite radar altimetry to predict ocean water depth, providing a transfer function based on the understanding of ocean characteristic elastic compensation, making use of the downward extension of geoid to predict gravity conditions. She has contributed to the study of oceanic heat flow, and while it is generally accepted that mid-plate volcanic chains are hotspots created by upwelling plumes of heat and material from deep in the mantle, the evidence for heat flow is conflicting. Her research suggests that inhomogeneous exothermic surface processes driven by things like topographic gradient-driven fluid flows and thermal conductivity changes can mask any deep thermal signature originating in the mantle. Their research pointed out that although the crust of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has thickened, it corresponds to the ups and downs of the upper mantle lithosphere of about 500 kilometers. There is a weak decoupling zone between the lithospheres.

McNutt has cooperated with my country in various aspects such as postgraduate training, bilateral academic exchanges, and research on strategic development of science and technology, and has made important contributions to the development of science and technology in my country. In 1998, she served as the US chairman of the first China-US Frontier Science Symposium, and the Chinese postgraduates she trained made scientific and technological contributions in China and the United States. During his tenure as the director of the US Geological Survey, he cooperated with the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, enabling the two parties to achieve good results in receiving and sharing land remote sensing satellite data. The Landsat data we receive provides a solid foundation for international research on global environmental change, sustainable development and other fields. As the dean, she organized the National Academy of Sciences of the United States and the Chinese Academy of Sciences to carry out seminars and exchanges on sustainable development goals, and achieved ideal results. As the editor-in-chief of “Science”, she visited China many times to discuss how to publish papers in “Science”, which improved the quantity and quality of Chinese scientists’ papers published in “Science”.

Hartmut Michel

Biochemist. German nationality. Born in Ludwigsburg, Germany. In 1975, he graduated from the University of Tübingen, Germany with a master’s degree. In 1977, he received a doctorate degree from the University of Würzburg, Germany. From 1981 to 1987, he was a professor at the Institute of Biochemistry of the Max Planck Society in Germany. Since 1987, he has successively served as a professor, director and director of the Institute of Biophysics of the German Max Planck Society.

Professor Michel has been engaged in the research of important photosynthetic proteins for a long time, and has made outstanding achievements in photosynthetic reaction center, aerobic respiration, and cytochrome C oxidase. Breakthrough in the analysis of membrane protein crystallization and its three-dimensional space structure, successfully obtained the world’s first membrane protein crystal—the crystal of the photosynthetic reaction center of purple photosynthetic bacteria, and determined the reaction center with a high accuracy of 3 angstroms three-dimensional structure. Therefore, he was jointly awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with others. In addition, the structure of the light-harvesting pigment protein complex of another class of purple bacteria was also determined, explaining the arrangement order change of the light-harvesting pigment protein complex subunits containing high-potential and low-potential iron clusters. effect on function. Professor Michel has a special affection for China’s scientific undertakings, and has visited China many times to conduct academic exchanges, cooperate in training doctoral students, and carry out cooperative research. Proposed to cooperate with the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and other institutes to carry out research on the structure and function of membrane proteins. On June 8, 2000, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Chad A. Mirkin

American nationality, physical chemist. Born in November 1963 in Phoenix, USA. He received his Ph.D. from Penn State University in 1989. He is currently a tenured professor at Northwestern University and the director of the International Institute of Nanotechnology. He was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2009, a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a member of the National Academy of Medicine in 2010. He is one of the few members of the three American Academy of Sciences and a member of the two-term Obama Administration President’s Science and Technology Advisory Committee. In 2017, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Mirkin is an international top expert in nanoscience and technology, biomedical engineering and other fields. He has made outstanding original scientific and technological achievements in the synthesis and application of spherical nucleic acid molecules, dip pen nanoprinting and supramolecular chemistry, and has had a profound impact on the development of these fields. So far, he has published more than 700 academic papers, including 34 in Science and Nature, and 18 in Nature journals. His academic papers have been cited more than 85,000 times by others. The scientific and technological research it engages in is highly original and innovative. In 2017, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Mirkin created a new spherical nucleic acid molecule, which changed the traditional understanding of nucleic acid molecules and triggered a worldwide upsurge in the use of clear nanostructures as new markers for biological detection and disease diagnosis and treatment. Successfully developed new gene regulation drugs and a new molecular medical diagnostic system certified by the US FDA, which have been used in hospitals all over the world to identify new markers of Alzheimer’s disease, AIDS and cardiovascular diseases, as well as early detection of various prostate cancers, Promote the development of diagnosis and treatment of major diseases. He invented a series of dip pen nano-printing scanning probe technology based on meniscus chemical transport and reaction, which has served many scientific research institutions and practical commercial applications, and was selected as one of the 100 sciences that changed the world in the last century selected by the National Geographic Magazine Discover and be on top of the list. He also pioneered the use of “weak bond pathways” to construct supramolecular chemistry and new signal amplification systems, which inspired people to use coordination chemistry to solve many fundamental and technical problems in the fields of materials science, catalysis, and health. In addition, he is also committed to engineering his basic scientific research results and using them for the improvement and progress of society, successfully laying the foundation for more than 2,000 commercial technologies and processes.

Mirkin has maintained extensive and in-depth exchanges and cooperation with many well-known universities and scientific research institutions in China for more than ten years, and has been hired as a distinguished or honorary professor. More than 50 Chinese students or scholars have been trained, many of whom have returned to China to serve as professors and work in the front line of scientific research in famous universities such as Fudan University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Nanjing University, and Sun Yat-sen University. He has also personally planned and led the establishment of the Institute of Chemical Biology and Nanomedicine of Hunan University since 2013, and was successfully selected into the 11th batch of my country’s Thousand Talents Program “Top Thousand Talents and Innovation Team”.

Mirkin enjoys a high prestige and reputation in the international science and technology circles. With very friendly and sincere feelings, he has devoted a lot of effort to the development of China’s science and technology. Professor Xi and honorary member of the Chinese Chemical Society. If he is elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, it will be more conducive to promoting academic exchanges and friendly exchanges between China and the international scientific and technological circles.

Helmut Moritz

Geodesist. Austrian nationality. In 1956, he graduated from the Department of Measurement Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Austria, and in 1959, he received a doctorate in science and technology from the school. From 1964 to 1971, he was a professor at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany. Since 1971, he has been a professor at the Technical University of Graz, Austria. Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (1988) and 9 foreign members of the National Academy of Sciences.

In 1967, Professor Moritz proposed a “least square estimation” combining error theory and statistics in Hilbert space, and developed it into a very practical and effective estimation technique for physical geodesy; Refined and developed the geodetic boundary value problem proposed by Moloczynski; proved the distinguishability of gravity and inertia in the second-order gradient of the gravitational potential; proposed a “unified” theory of Earth’s rotation; summarized the development The theory of the earth as a balanced body since Clarao. In 1998, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Gérard Albert Mourou

American, French dual nationality, physicist, winner of the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics. Born in Alberville, France in 1944, received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Paris VI in 1973. He is currently a professor at the Advanced Institute of Ecole Polytechnique, a member of the National Academy of Engineering of the United States, a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and a member of the Italian Academy of Sciences.

Professor Morrow is an internationally recognized ultra-short and ultra-intense laser physicist with innovative thinking. He and graduate student Donna Strickland invented the chirped pulse amplification technology, which opened up a new way to realize ultra-high power laser, and advanced the interaction between laser and matter into the field of relativity and extreme relativity; he created a new field of ultrafast science, the first time Demonstrated the use of femtosecond lasers to achieve electrical signal measurement with sub-picosecond time precision, and time-resolved electron diffraction imaging on the picosecond time scale. This technology was subsequently further developed by Nobel Prize winner Zeweil et al. A strong competitor of ray diffraction technology; he pioneered the application of laser in medical treatment, industry, and frontier basic scientific research, and applied this technology to ophthalmic surgery and micro-nano fine processing. So far, more than 5 million people have received this type of ophthalmic surgery, and others Non-medical micro-nano fine processing also occupies a market of hundreds of millions of dollars.

Professor Morrow has received many honors for his series of pioneering contributions. In addition to the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics, he also won the Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America in 2016 and the Charles Hard Townes Award of the Optical Society of America in 2009.

Professor Morrow has carried out extensive cooperative research with the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Mechanics, Peking University, Shanghai Jiaotong University and other Chinese scientific research institutions, and has made important contributions to promoting the development of strong field laser disciplines and related industrial applications in my country . He and academician Li Ruxin of the Shanghai Institute of Optics and Mechanics discussed the Super Laser S Facility (SULF); with Professor Yan Xueqing of Peking University on single-period strong laser ion acceleration to produce quasi-monoenergetic ion beams; with Academician Zhang Jie of Shanghai Jiaotong University and Professor Chen Pisen of National Taiwan University on black holes The laboratory astrophysics exploration of information paradox has carried out long-term cooperative research. He holds several academic positions in relevant research institutions in China and actively guides the development of his disciplines: for example, he serves as the Einstein Chair Professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, honorary professor of Shanghai Jiaotong University, and the Xi’an Institute of Optics and Mechanics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He actively promotes cooperation between relevant international organizations and Chinese scientists, and promotes Chinese scientists to carry out scientific research on EU large-scale scientific research facilities (such as ELI). He also trained more than 30 Chinese scholars and students, and trained a large number of young talents for the development of strong field physics in my country.

Ferid Murad

Biomedical scientist. American citizenship. Born in September 1936 in Indiana, USA. In 1956, he received a double doctorate degree of Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Philosophy from Case Western Reserve University. In 2000, he served as Shenzhen Science and Technology Consultant; in 2002, he was appointed as honorary professor of Soochow University; in 2002, he was appointed as honorary professor of Shanghai Second Medical University; in 2003, he was appointed as honorary professor of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine; , Member of Steering Committee of Beijing Institute of Life Sciences in 2002, Member of Shanghai Xuhui District International Advisory Committee in 2004, Honorary Professor of Qingdao University in 2006, Honorary Professor of Peking Union Medical College in 2006. Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1997), the National Academy of Medicine (1998), and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2000).

Murad is mainly engaged in cell signaling research, focusing on the NO/cGMP signaling pathway, identifying new molecular pathways and targets to facilitate the discovery and development of new therapeutics. The main scientific achievements are as follows: (1) pioneered the research field of nitric oxide information transmission system, and won the 1998 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology: participated in the research work of the 1971 Nobel Prize in Medicine (discovering the mechanism of cAMP-mediated hormone action); established The biochemical and physiological pharmacological effects of cGMP as the second intracellular information transmission system; established the cytoplasmic and membrane types of guanylate cyclase, and created the theory of multivariate regulation of cGMP in vivo; took the lead in proving nitric oxide The biochemical, physiological and pharmacological relationship with guanylate cyclase laid a groundbreaking foundation for important research work that later won the Nobel Prize. (2) New theories and new contributions to the study of nitric oxide information transmission system after winning the Nobel Prize. In 1998, he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology.

Since 1999, Murad has visited China more than 30 times, and has devoted great enthusiasm and efforts in helping and promoting the development of China’s scientific cause and strengthening cooperation with the Chinese scientific community. During his first visit to China in 1999, he gave a Nobel Prize lecture. He has trained many scientific research talents for China, and they have become outstanding talents and academic leaders in related fields after returning to China. He advises on China’s science and technology strategy. In addition to often giving lectures to Chinese universities and participating in international conferences held in China, he also provides consulting services to many university teams and Chinese government agencies. He was a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the National Biotechnology Center of my country. As a consultant, he provided a lot of valuable experience and opinions in the process of researching and formulating biotechnology development plans in Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang and Dalian. He is enthusiastic about helping Chinese colleges and universities to strengthen their international ties and improve their scientific research level. He has also served as an honorary professor of many Chinese universities. He has worked hard to enhance the international exchanges of these universities by holding academic lectures, participating in academic conferences and discussions. He established research centers to promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, such as the establishment of the “Murad Modernization Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine” with Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Cooperate with Shijiazhuang Municipal Government to create a science and technology park and develop a large-scale science and technology park – Murad Science and Technology Park.

Ryoji Noyori

Japanese nationality, organic chemist. Born in September 1938 in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. In 1967, he received a Ph.D. from Kyoto University, Japan. Elected as a member of the Japan Academy of Sciences in 2002. Received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001. In 2011, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. 

Ryoji Noyori is mainly engaged in research in the field of catalytic chiral asymmetric synthesis. Aiming at the low efficiency of obtaining high-purity monochiral products in asymmetric synthesis, in 1966, 28-year-old Professor Ryoji Noyori proposed the idea of ​​using chemical methods to synthesize chiral molecules, and realized the use of chiral molecular catalysts for the first time to realize the synthesis of chiral molecules. Asymmetric synthesis of sexual substances. Professor Ryoji Noyori’s research showed for the first time in the world that the development of catalysts and substrates can realize the chemical synthesis of high-purity chiral products. In 1980, the metal catalyst of the BINAP ligand synthesized by Professor Ryoji Noyori and his collaborators can accurately distinguish the enantiomeric atoms, groups or antipodes in latent chiral molecules, so that the synthetic purity of chiral molecules is greatly improved. Improve, especially the hydrogenation reaction of BINAP-Ru complex catalysts for hypochiral olefins or ketones. The above-mentioned catalytic asymmetric synthesis technology only needs to use a very small amount of asymmetric catalyst to produce a large number of chiral compounds, and the catalytic efficiency is extremely high. Replacing the transition cluster metal ruthenium Ru(II) with rhodium Rh(I) also proved to have the same catalytic effect. Since then, other high-efficiency catalysts have been developed successively. These hydrogenation reactions can obtain high optical and chemical yields, and some reactions have been successfully applied to industrial production, such as Ru(II) – BINAP complex is also used as an important intermediate in the industrial production process of antibiotic levofloxacin Preparation of (R)-1,2-propanediol. Thanks to the research of Professor Ryoji Noyori, asymmetric hydrogenation catalytic chemistry plays a very important role in the synthesis and preparation of pharmaceuticals, agricultural products, seasonings and fragrances, as well as new and advanced materials. The efficiency of chemical synthesis using artificial molecular catalysts can match natural enzyme-catalyzed reactions, and in some applications even exceed natural enzyme-catalyzed reactions.

Ryoji Noyori is not only an excellent chemical scientist, but also one of the leading scientists in the world’s scientific community. He has done a lot of useful work for training high-level scientific talents in China and promoting Sino-Japanese exchanges. As early as the 1980s, he noticed the potential of China, and called on scholars from Japan and the world to pay attention to China, advocated the cooperation between Japan and China in science and technology, and made important contributions to China’s science and technology in the following three aspects. 1. Promote the exchange of personnel in the scientific and technological circles of China and Japan. In 2006, he and the Chinese Academy of Sciences jointly launched the “Sino-Japanese Young Scientists Symposium”, aiming to promote exchanges and cooperation between young scientists from the two countries and to cultivate leading scientists with international influence. 2. Promote the scientific and technological cooperation between RIKEN and China. As the chairman of RIKEN, he attaches great importance to cooperation with Chinese research institutions and universities. Under his leadership and with the approval of the Chinese government, RIKEN officially established a Beijing representative office in 2010 to provide conditions for further promoting the cooperation between RIKEN and relevant Chinese institutions. 3. Talent training. During his tenure as a professor at Nagoya University, he trained 13 Chinese students, most of whom have returned to China to contribute to China’s technological development. He personally invited 15 Chinese visiting scholars and is still working with Chinese scholars on research. Under his promotion, a group of graduate students from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and universities come to the Institute of Physical Chemistry and Chemistry (RIKEN) for research and study every year in the form of joint training of doctoral students (IPA), doctoral students and postdoctoral fellows.

Paul Nurse

British nationality, cell biologist and biochemist. Born in the UK in 1949 , he graduated from the University of East Anglia in 1973 with a Ph.D. in cell biology and biochemistry. He was the president of the Royal Society, director of the London Laboratory of the Imperial Cancer Research Foundation, and professor of microbiology at the University of Oxford. , Chairman of Cancer Research UK, President of Rockefeller University in New York, USA, etc.

The main academic contribution of Paul Nass lies in the discovery and elucidation of the key regulation mechanism of cell cycle by cyclin dependent kinase (CDK ) by using methods of genetics and molecular biology, and because of this important discovery, Together with American scientist Leland Hartwell and British scientist Tim Hunt, he won the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. So far, Paul Nass has published more than 300 important scientific research papers and reviews in related research fields, more than 50 of which have been published in top journals such as Cell, Nature, Science, etc. In addition to winning the Nobel Prize in 2001, Paul Nurse was elected a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1989, a British Royal Medal in 1995 and a foreign member of the American Academy of Sciences, an American Albert Lasker Award in 1998, a Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Medicine in 2003, and a Royal Society of Medicine in 2005. Copley Medal, elected as an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2006 and other international awards or honorary titles.

In the field of cancer treatment research, Professor Paul Nurse maintains a deep scientific research cooperation relationship with many research institutions in China and has made the following contributions:

  1. Professor Paul Nurse cooperated with AstraZeneca in China to launch the Nobel Prize Innovation Inspiration Project, and at the same time established a cooperative relationship to jointly develop anticancer drugs and make contributions to the joint treatment of cancer.
  2. In 2013 , Professor Paul Nurse was a guest at the “China Science and Humanities Forum” of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing and delivered a keynote speech. He said that the people of China and the UK have common creativity, and the two sides should create more opportunities and bring cooperation Pushing it to a new level, we also hope to find more new ways to support closer ties between scientists of the two countries.
  3. On December 15, 2014, Sir Paul Nurse was invited to give a speech in China, visited Peking University and Tianjin Medical University, communicated with students and young scientists in the field of biomedicine, and published a speech entitled “Deciphering Cell Proliferation” In the keynote speech, he shared his experience in revealing the cell cycle research, and at the same time accepted the honorary professor and the title of “Top Scholar in the University Hall” conferred by Peking University.
  4. Professor Paul Nurse is also an honorary advisor to Hong Kong Longkang International Life Gene Research Institute and other research units.

Professor Paul Nurse has maintained a long-term scientific research cooperation relationship with domestic scientific research institutions and pharmaceutical companies. The creative suggestions have greatly promoted the exchanges and cooperation between the Chinese and British academic circles, and made great contributions to the realization of all-round cooperation between China and the UK.

D. Roger J. Owen

British nationality, engineering mechanics, computational mechanics. Born in England in May 1942. In 1967, he received a Ph.D. from Northwestern University in the United States. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 1996 and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2009. In 2011, he was elected as a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Roger Owen is a world-class authoritative scholar in the field of computational mechanics, and has made a series of internationally recognized original contributions to the development of finite element methods and discrete element methods. In the field of solid mechanics and structural mechanics, he is mainly committed to the research of solutions to various nonlinear problems encountered in science and engineering, and has made decisive contributions to the successful solution of numerical simulation problems of large plastic deformation. His research results are not only applied in the basic research of material science, but also widely used in the field of engineering technology, solving complex engineering structures and metal forming processes involving plastic deformation. In the past two decades, he has mainly devoted himself to the study of discrete element methods, solving discrete-body systems and simulating multi-scale failure phenomena in materials. He is one of the main founders of the discrete element method. This method greatly expands the traditional finite element method which can only simulate the finite deformation of continuum. It can accurately describe and analyze the occurrence and evolution of damage and destruction in the material, and predict the overall flow of the material as a discrete body and the independent Interactions between blocks. DEM has been applied to many important industrial fields and successfully solved many key technical problems, such as the dynamic simulation of explosion, oil extraction and deep mining and so on. In order to solve large-scale problems in practical engineering, Roger Owen has been devoting himself to the development of efficient parallel computing numerical solutions in the past 30 years, and has developed a variety of dynamic partitioning technologies and efficient grid adaptive update technologies based on The dynamic incremental data migration technology and so on have laid the foundation for the final successful solution to the numerical simulation of large-scale damage phenomena. In recent years, he began to focus on stochastic engineering systems and stochastic finite element methods, and devoted himself to analyzing the influence of uncertainties in material properties, boundary conditions and geometric configurations on system responses. Another recent research direction of his is to combine the discrete element method and the Lattice Boltzmann method to solve the coupling problems of bulk systems and multi-physics fields, involving multiple phase states of gas, liquid and solid.

Roger Owen cares about the development and personnel training of engineering mechanics and computational mechanics in China. He has trained 12 doctoral students from Tsinghua University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and supervised more than ten postdoctoral researchers from China. In addition, he has also presided over the reception of Chinese scholars for short-term academic visits in the UK many times to promote academic exchanges between Chinese and British scholars. His three monographs “Finite Element Programming”, “Introduction to Finite Element Calculation” and “Finite Element of Plastic Mechanics: Theory and Application” have been translated into Chinese successively. In particular, the book “Finite Elements of Plastic Mechanics: Theory and Application” translated into Chinese has played an important role in the further study and growth of teachers and students majoring in computational mechanics in China, and it is still a classic reference for computational mechanics workers. His latest monograph “Computational Methods for Plastic Materials: Theory and Application” completed in 2009 is currently being translated into Chinese and published. His cooperation with Chinese scholars began when he worked with Academician Zhang Youqi in Swansea in the 1970s. Since his first visit to China in 1982, he has visited China many times, and successively visited Tsinghua University, Peking University, Hong Kong University, Institute of Mechanics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific Computing of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing University, Dalian University of Technology, etc. The unit has close contacts with Chinese scientists such as Academician Zhang Chuhan and Academician Zhong Wanxie, and has forged a profound friendship. He has made continuous, effective and important contributions to the construction and development of the discipline of computational mechanics in my country by visiting, giving a series of lectures, organizing or participating in relevant academic conferences or workshops.